The fear of the coronavirus spread in the country grew on Tuesday as the House of Representatives resolved that the National Assembly should suspend plenary to prevent lawmakers from being infected with the disease.
The House took the decision as the Minister of Health, Dr Osagie Ehanire, said the Director General of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu, who had just returned from China, was in self-isolation for 14 days.
Also the Federal Government said it had deployed environmental health officers in public places such as motor parks, markets and schools to stem the spread of the disease.
But despite government’s efforts, fear of spread of the disease heightened as patients and their relatives in some hospitals, including the National Hospital, Abuja, were on Tuesday wary of people with symptoms such as sneezing and coughing, which are similar to coronavirus.
As the coronavirus panic increased, the Vice- Chairman of Senate Committee on Customs, Senator Francis Fadahunsi, raised the alarm that unrestricted smuggling of Chinese okirika (second hand clothes) into Nigeria through Onne Port in Rivers State could worsen the disease in the country.
Following the diagnosis of an Italian businessman with the disease on Thursday, no fewer than 58 people are currently being isolated.
The Italian, who arrived in the country on Monday last week, abroad a Turkish Airlines flight, went to Lafarge African Plc, Ewekoro, Ogun State, from where he was referred to Lagos, when he developed symptoms similar to coronavirus.
He was diagnosed with coronavirus and he is currently in isolation at the Infectious Disease Hospital, Yaba, Lagos.
The government, had on Monday raised the alarm that 158 people aboad the same plane with the Italian could not be traced, raising concerns that the level of the spread of the disease could not be ascertained.
On Tuesday, the House of Representatives called for the suspension of the National Assembly plenary for two weeks.
The House said the management of the legislature should install screening and sanitation devices at the National Assembly complex during the period.
While they were making the call, the lawmakers were cautious in their interactions with one another for fear of being infected with the virus.
For instance, as the presiding and principal officers walked into the chamber, the Deputy Minority Whip, Adesegun Adekoya, was seen extending his legs to members on both sides of the isle to greet them.
Another member, Buba Yakub, after having a conversation with the Deputy Speaker, Ahmed Wase, also greeted the Clerk to the House, Patrick Giwa, with legs.
Edo lawmaker wears mask, others greet with legs
A member from Edo State, wore a surgical face mask. His appearance caught the attention of lawmakers in the chamber, some of whom walked to where he was seated to exchange pleasantries.
A member, Mr Josiah Idem, moved a motion of urgent public importance tiled ‘The Need for Emergency Response and Tackling of Deadly Coronavirus (COVID-19)’, which the House unanimously adopted.
At the end of the debate, the Minority Leader, Ndudi Elumelu, among other lawmakers, moved for an amendment to the motion, praying that the House should “urge the entire National Assembly to embark on two weeks’ suspension of plenary to enable the management of the National Assembly to put measures in place to take care of the rapid surge of this coronavirus.”
Elumelu also prayed the House to mandate the committees on health, house services and internal security to ensure compliance with the resolution.
Earlier, the lawmaker had raised a point of order on legislative privilege, saying, “I think that this House should suspend plenary for a period of two weeks or thereabout, for the management to sanitise everybody and allow it to put measures in place, so that all of us can be tested. It may sound like a joking matter but it is a very serious matter. And I think this House should take this as a very serious matter, otherwise you would not know who to shake hands with.”
Several members, who contributed to the debate, pointed out that Nigeria had yet to be prepared to contain the disease, saying only Lagos, Abuja and Kano had isolation centres.
In his contribution, Abiante Dagomie said, “Here in the chamber, we shut down a motion to bring back our brothers and sisters in Wuhan. Why did we shut down the motion? It was for fears of not having to bring the disease here. Finally, our fears have caught up with us. We saw when ministers were saying, that Nigeria was ready for the coronavirus, probably that was the invitation that led to the virus to come.
“Even when the Minister (of Health, Dr Osagie Enanire) was addressing the world, the type of seat that he sat on showed the world how ready Nigeria was.”
Moving the motion, Josiah, among other things, said, “The House is worried that the socioeconomic implications of the outbreak of COVID-19 in Nigeria can be very disastrous. This can be threatening to the lives of about 200 million Nigerians. Hence, events have been cancelled or rescheduled as the disease ravages the world.
“The House is concerned that with the current situation of health facilities in Nigeria, the virus, if not properly checked or curtailed, will easily be transmitted within the larger population and may lead to a wider catastrophe.
“The House notes that the Federal Government needs to move swiftly and intensify collaborations with health agencies to nip it in the bud at this early stage of the outbreak of the infection in the country.”
Josiah prayed the House to mandate the leadership of the National Assembly to set up an ad hoc committee to interface with the executive, health agencies and institutions, with a view to overcoming and eliminating the dreaded novel coronavirus recently brought into the country.
He also called for the immediate activation of all centres established and designated for the treatment and management of Ebola cases in the country for the management of suspected cases and victims of COVID-19.
NCDC boss in self-quarantine, says health minister
The Minister of Health, Ehanire, when he appeared before Senate leadership on Tuesday, explained why the director general of the NCDC was in self-quarantine for 14 days.
He told the Senate principal officers that Ihekweazu was quarantined because he just returned from China.
He said the standard practice was for anyone coming into Nigeria to be quarantined for 14 days before mingling with other members of the public.
He also explained that the NCDC boss would remain in his house throughout the two week period.
The Minister said, “We were honoured that one of the scientists that the World Health Organisation had chosen to go to China to study the disease was the DG of NCDC.
“They went there for nine days, during which they carried out investigations. But we have already established rules here that anybody who has been to China will go to self-quarantine. Chikwe (Ihekweazu) has gone (to China) and come back and has done the test.
“It’s negative, but we have insisted that he must undergo the 14 days of quarantine which is why he was not here today.
“It is not allowed to come out until after 14 days, because if you make rules, you must also obey them, which is to set example for Nigerians that the head of NCDC is self-quarantined as we speak. He’s very well but he has to follow the rules,” he added.
I’m in self-isolation, not being quarantined, says NCDC boss
The Director-General of the NCDC, Dr Ihekewazu, in an interview with The PUNCH on Tuesday evening, explained that he was in self-isolation, not quarantine.
The NCDC boss said indeed he was part of a delegation of the WHO that visited China recently. He, however, said he was not being quarantined as reported.
“I was not quarantined. I was part of the delegation of the DG of the WHO to China and I have since returned. I am not being quarantined please,” Ihekweazu said.
Presidency screens visitors to Aso Rock, workers
- Temperature test, sanitiser use now compulsory at Villa
The Presidency on Tuesday joined other government establishments in taking protective measures over the coronavirus by screening all visitors to the Presidential Villa, Abuja.
It was observed that most Aso Rock workers were also screened as they entered the main reception for public access into the offices.
Health personnel stationed at the reception, checked the temperature of persons arriving for the business of the day at the seat of power.
The visitors were also given hand sanitisers to disinfect their hands before proceeding further into the building.
Investigations indicated that prior to the commencement of screening on Tuesday, officials of the NCDC had visited the Villa to assess the place, preparatory for the exercise.
The Department of State Services operatives, who manned the entrance, ensured that all arrivals subjected themselves to the screening.
Incidentally, Tuesday’s commencement of screening at the Villa started barely 48 hours after the Presidency down-played the fears being expressed by Nigerians, urging them not to get into a panic mode.
The Presidency, in its position on Sunday , said there was no need for Nigerians to get into a panic mode over the one case of Covid-19 confirmed so far in the country.
“President Buhari urges Nigerians not to panic about the news of this first case of Covid-19 in our country, as undue alarm would do us more harm than good”, part of a statement issued earlier on Sunday by his media aide, Mr Garba Shehu, read.
Patients, hospital staff wary of people with symptoms similar to coronavirus
The fear of the disease was also in hospitals in the country. For instance, relatives of in-patients at the National Hospital, Abuja, expressed fears over the possibility of a patient with symptoms of coronavirus being admitted to the same ward where their family members were being treated.
Although the hospital is not among the hospitals that will house isolation centres for people who contract coronavirus, the hospital is known for treating patients with viral infections and it is equipped to carry out other medical treatments like Lassa fever.
A relative of a patient on admission in one of the wards, Abdulahi Hassan, said his brother had been in the hospital for five days, but the report of coronavirus had created panic for him and his brother.
He said, “We are from Kogi State. We were referred here from Lokoja. My brother is conscious of the news going round that coronavirus has entered Nigeria. He wants to leave the hospital as soon as possible if he can take that decision on his own.
“Honestly, if I can take that decision for him, I will do that too. You don’t want to be around when someone with the symptom (of coronavirus) will enter the hospital and be in the same ward with others who don’t have it before being isolated.”
Another person, Esther Carlistus, said her husband was rushed to the hospital in poor health, but said that they were eager to go and complete the treatment at home.
She said, “I have read a lot about coronavirus. We were here on Friday when they said it had entererd Nigeria through an Italian who visited our country. We have been praying against it but now that it has come, we have to fight. The most unsuitable place to be at this period is a hospital. As soon as my husband is well enough, we will leave.”
Some of the employees of the hospital called on government to provide adequate personal protective equipment for the staff.
A doctor, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said she was wary of how she related with patients who presented symptoms of coronavirus.
The Public Relations Officer of the hospital, Tayo Haastrup, earlier told one of our correspondents that the hospital had created enough awareness among staff to ensure safety of patients.
He said, “Our centre is not created for coronavirus, but we have facility to cater for people with Lassa fever. We have about two or three rooms reserved as an isolation ward in case people that need to be isolated are brought into the hospital.”
FG deploys environmental health officers in motor parks, others
On his part, the Minister of Environment, Mohammed Abubakar, at a press conference, said the Federal Government had deployed environmental health officers in public places across the country to help halt the spread of coronavirus.
Abubakar said all state ministries of environment had also been ordered to release health officers in their domains, adding that the government had identified high risk areas and would put motor parks, markets and schools under surveillance.
Chinese second hand clothes at Onne Port may cause coronavirus, senator warns
But the Vice Chairman, Senate Committee on Customs, Fadahunsi, warned that corruption in the Nigeria Customs Service could lead to the spread of the coronavirus in Nigeria.
Fadahunsi, in an interview with one of our correspondents on Tuesday, alleged that some unscrupulous importers were bringing banned goods from China and other countries.
He alleged that goods were being brought into Nigeria through the Onne Port in Rivers State. He said these containers including the ones bearing okrika (second hand clothes) were not quarantined, saying coronavirus might be imported into the country through these means.
Fadahunsi, who represents Osun East Senatorial District, stated, “Due to the outbreak of the virus now, China does not allow anything into their country without being quarantined. Saudi Arabia has stopped people going there for lesser Hajj because of the virus, but we are bringing second hand clothes and other items from China without being quarantined. We are playing with fire.”
Chinese quarantined at Lagos airport over coronavirus scare
Meanwhile, a Chinese was on Monday quarantined at the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Lagos, for exhibiting certain symptoms upon his arrival.
The man was said to have arrived at the airport at 12pm on Monday onboard Ethiopian Airlines flight from Addis Ababa.
According to reports, the man’s persistent cough made health officials at the screening point to separate him from other passengers and took him into a medical facility at the airport for observation.
The Lagos State Ministry of Health and the NCDC were said to have been notified to carry out tests on the passenger.
The Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria and Ports Health Services have yet to make official statement on the development.
But it was gathered that the man, who was handed over to the Lagos State Government officials, tested negative for the disease.
23 Iranian lawmakers tested positive
The Deputy Speaker of Iran’s parliament, Reza Misri, in a statement on Tuesday said 23 of his colleagues have tested positive for coronavirus.
According to the UK Guardian, Misri stated, “As of now, 23 members of parliament were tested positive. These people have a close relationship with the people and they carry different viruses from different parts of the country, which may create a new virus, so we recommend the lawmakers to cut off their relationship with the public for now.”
Coronavirus cases now 90,893 globally, deaths, 311 –WHO
The World Health Organisation Director General, Dr Tedros Ghebreyesus, at a press conference in Geneva on Tuesday, said, “There is now a total of 90,893 reported cases of COVID-19 globally, and 3,110 deaths.
“In the past 24 hours, China reported 129 cases, the lowest number of cases since the 20th of January. Outside China, 1848 cases were reported in 48 countries. Eighty per cent of those cases are from just three countries: the Republic of Korea, the Islamic Republic of Iran and Italy.
“Twelve new countries have reported their first cases, and there are now 21 countries with one case. 122 countries have not reported any cases.”